10 most reliable annual flowers for your garden
Annual flowers will never go out of fashion, because they have one significant advantage over perennials - they show themselves in all their glory already in the first (and last for them) season. Therefore, starting the development of the site with the planting of annual plants, you decorate it almost instantly. In this article we will draw your attention to the 10 most reliable, from the point of view of beauty, ease of care and duration of flowering, annual flowers. With them, your garden will be bright and fragrant already in its first season.
Many pilots grow through sowing seeds for seedlings. Read our material 5 bright summers that need to be sown in early February.
So that the pilots justify the worries associated with their annual sowing, you should not buy seeds of all colors in a row, focusing only on a beautiful photo on the package. First of all, you should pay attention to such characteristics as:
- simplicity and ease of care;
- resistance to weather conditions;
- minimum watering requirements;
- plentiful and long flowering.
The most unpretentious flower crops include petunia, gaillardia, marigolds, rudbeckia, calendula, nasturtium, zinnia, cosmea, Iberis, gazania. From this set you can easily form a beautiful flowerbed that will delight with colorful colors throughout the summer and most of the fall.
Calendula officinalis (Calendula officinalis) - one of the most common garden plants, which has long been "registered" in our areas. Recently, many new varieties of calendula have appeared, which are very different in height, color of petals and the shape of inflorescences.
The range of colors varies from pale yellow, greenish and pink to burgundy and brown. There are terry and non-terry varieties, with chamomile, imbricate and even anemone-shaped inflorescences.
Traditionally, calendula is planted in front gardens and flower beds, it also looks good in mixborders. Low-growing varieties can be grown in containers and balcony drawers, added to flower borders and discounts.
For calendula, they choose a place well lit by the sun. It is undemanding for irrigation, can put up with any soil, but still prefers light loam. Seeds are sown in open ground in April or before winter - in October-November. Flowering begins in June and lasts until late autumn.
Read more about calendula in the article Calendula - Growing and Care.
Beauty cosmea (Cosmos) is famous for its unpretentiousness. It can grow on any soil, withstands minor frosts and tolerates a lack of moisture. He prefers to be in the sun, and can withstand partial shade, but in the shade of flowers there will be much less. Do not get carried away with fertilizers - on too nutritious soils, bushes will grow powerful, but will bloom late and weakly.
However, fluffy bushes of cosmea and without flowers look very elegant. Plants reach up to 1.5 m in height, so they are best planted near the fence, in the background of a flower bed or mixborder. Cosmei can shade floral borders with their greenery and hide an ugly fence or wall from their eyes. There are some smaller varieties (up to 50 cm), they will look good in the foreground.
Cosmei breed well by self-sowing, very often seedlings have to be thinned out. But undersized and terry hybrid forms are best grown through seedlings.
For agricultural techniques of growing cosmeas, see the article Cultivation of cosmeas from seeds.
Without this flower, it is now impossible to imagine a summer landscape. Petunia (Petunia) looks good in border plantings, and large-flowered and ampelous varieties feel great in hanging flower pots. This plant is most often used for landscaping balconies and terraces.
Petunia is not afraid of direct sunlight, tolerates drought and a short-term temperature drop. It is not too demanding on the composition of the soil, but on well-fertilized soils blooms much more abundantly and brighter.
To see the flowering of petunias early, it is recommended to grow it through seedlings. Although it should be noted that varieties with non-double inflorescences breed well and self-sowing. Petunia blooms continuously throughout the summer, until the frosts. In order for the plants to maintain their decorative effect for a long time, it is recommended at the end of August to trim the tips of the flower shoots, forming a beautiful ball out of them.
Read more about varieties and hybrids of petunias in the article How not to get confused in varieties of petunias and choose the right one.
There is always a place in the flower garden, curb or mixborder marigolds (Tagetes) They can also be planted in hanging boxes or containers. Marigolds can grow in any conditions, they are completely undemanding to the soil, painlessly transplant at any age, even during flowering.
These flowers feel best in sunny areas, but can be tolerated with light partial shade. When choosing a variety, it should be borne in mind that different types of tagetes (marigolds) differ in the shape and height of the bush.
Now on garden sites, three types of marigolds are most often found:
- rejected, or French - highly branched bushes with a height of 15 to 50 cm with terry or simple inflorescences;
- erect or African - bushes with a height of 30 to 120 cm with a strong stem and a small number of branches; flowers are large, double, of different colors;
- thin-leaved or Mexican - plants with thin branched stems and strongly dissected leaves, 20-60 cm high; spherical bushes are completely covered with small non-double flowers of bright colors - lemon yellow, orange, yellow, plain or with a dark center.
Read more about marigolds in the article Marigolds in Garden Design.
Like marigolds nasturtium (Tropeolum) has long been very popular among gardeners. This plant with round leaves and large bright flowers looks very impressive if the place for planting is chosen correctly. The most abundant flowering occurs in sunny areas with moderately fertilized soil.
If the soil is too nutritious, then the leaves and stems of nasturtium will grow juicy, but there will be few flowers. And on poor soils, plants become smaller, while their decorative effect is lost.
Most often, nasturtium is sown directly in open ground. You can also plant this plant in containers, this option is suitable for decorating balconies and terraces. Ampel varieties are best suited for this purpose, whips of which can reach up to 2.5 m in length. Nasturtium bushes planted in the foreground of the mixborder look beautiful. They go well with ageratum, dolphiniums, bells, heliotrope.
Iberis (Iberis), or Iberian - a low compact plant that blooms profusely almost all summer. In total there are about 40 representatives of this genus, among them there are both annual and perennial species. The homeland of various types of Iberis are considered the mountainous terrain of southern Europe and Asia Minor, the mountain slopes of the Crimea, the Caucasus, and also the lower reaches of the Don.
This unpretentious plant is often used to design rabatok and alpine slides. It can also be used to decorate stony retaining walls and dry slopes.
Now in our gardens you can find two types of annual Iberis - bitter and umbrella. Plant height usually does not exceed 30-35 cm. There are varieties with white, pink, lilac and carmine inflorescences. Annual Iberis bloom longer and more abundantly than perennial, their flowering lasts up to 1.5 months.
Read more about growing Iberis in the garden in the article Simple Secrets to Iberis Care.
Botanical genus Rudbeckia (Rudbeckia) includes many species grown in both perennial and annual crops. These flowers are distinguished by their characteristic appearance - large yellow and orange daisies are visible from afar in the garden. They can be planted in groups or combined with plants of a different color. Low-growing varieties look good in border plantings.
Rudbeckia are disease resistant and undemanding in soil composition. But at the same time, they like to be in the sun and suffer from a lack of moisture, so they need periodic watering. Plants are responsive to top dressing, complex mineral fertilizers or rotted manure can be applied under the bushes.
Annual rudbeckia seeds are sown directly into the soil, and in the conditions of central Russia they are often grown through seedlings. The bushes quickly gain green mass and by the middle of summer they open the first buds. The flowering of rudbeckia continues until the frosts.
Read more about the types and varieties of rudbeckia in the material Rudbeckia - Autumn Gold.
These flowers are often confused with rudbeckia, because in appearance they are much similar. Bright inflorescences gaylardia (Gaillardia) look like the sun with a dark center and bright edges. The middle can be red, deep pink, dark orange or even brown. The tips of the petals are most often colored in a golden or bright yellow hue and are framed by denticles along the edge.
Most gaillardia are perennials, but there are annuals among them (for example, beautiful gaillardia, which became the founder of many beautiful varieties).
Gaillardia in an annual culture is grown through seedlings. Seeds are sown in early March in cassettes or general containers. So that the seedlings do not stretch much, it is recommended to highlight it. In open ground, plants are planted with the onset of persistent heat.
Culture does not require special attention. Gailardia is drought-resistant and needs watering only with prolonged absence of rain. It blooms profusely and for a long time, until the very end of summer. Low-growing gaillardia can be planted in the foreground of mixborders or create floral borders from them. These plants are suitable for an alpine hill.
Read more about the features of growing Gaillardia in the article Gaillardia: cultivation, reproduction.
Due to the wide variety of shapes and colors zinnia (Zínnia) is a universal plant for the garden. It can be included in various flower ensembles, planted separately or in groups. Low-growing varieties look great in the foreground of the flowerbed.
This flower can grow in the sunshine itself, where other plants do not survive without watering. He likes well-drained, nutritious soils, but feels good on loam. Zinnia is responsive to fertilizers, it can be fed several times a season with mineral fertilizers or organics.
As a rule, zinnia seeds are sown directly into the ground. But if you want to see flowering early, you can grow plants in seedlings. Bright velvet inflorescences of zinnia will delight you with their colors all summer, and only with the advent of the first autumn frosts will they lose their decorative effect.
Read more about narrow-leaved zinnias in the article Narrow-leaved zinnias - cultivation features and a place in the garden.
This beautiful, spectacular flower, similar to a large bright daisy, has recently appeared in our gardens. Gazania (Gazania) due to its unpretentiousness very quickly won the love of gardeners.
Unlike zinnia, gazania is not at all afraid of frost. With the onset of autumn cold, it seems to gain a second wind, dissolving more and more inflorescences. This flower looks good in containers and in single plantings. You can plant Gazania on alpine hills, as it almost does not need watering and top dressing.
The only condition that should not be neglected when growing gazanii is the correct location. Her flowers open only in the daytime and only with good lighting. Therefore, for planting gazania, it is recommended to choose sunny areas with loose permeable soil.
Gazania is a perennial plant that is grown in our latitudes as an annual. It can be easily grown in seedlings, and backlighting is optional. The sooner you sow the seeds, the faster you can enjoy its beautiful flowering. If desired, gazania bushes can be stored in a cool room until next spring, and then planted again on a flower bed.
What other summers, besides gazania, can be preserved until spring, read in the material 12 summers, which can be saved in winter.