5 unpretentious flyers that need to be sown in May directly into the ground
Typically, the bulk of the flowering annuals are sown in the period from late February to April. However, there are also such summers who, sown in the early to mid-May, easily manage to please us with their flowering. As a rule, these are cold-resistant, fast-growing, early-flowering plants that can be sown directly into the soil. Moreover, they are absolutely unpretentious! I will talk about such express annuals, which, unfortunately, are not often found in our gardens, in this article.
1. Hanging Smolevka
Smolevka is a very extensive genus in which, for example, pillow-shaped perennials for rock gardens can be found. And even the well-known meadow plant with the popular name "clapperboard" is also a tar. But there are annual smolens that can decorate flower beds. Most often on sale you can find seeds pitches hanging (Silene pendula). This is a short plant, forming branchy bushes, not exceeding 20 centimeters in height.
Its stems are reddish in color, creeping, rising, oval leaves of small size, both the stems and leaves, have small, sticky hairs (pubescence). Dangling tar is usually sold in a mixture of colors. Most often, she has white, various shades of pink and lilac flowers with a white center.
The shape of a single flower resembles verbena or phlox and consists of five petals, each of which has a small section (in the form of a narrow heart). The shape of the flower is nail-shaped, diameter - up to one centimeter. Collected such flowers in racemose, slightly drooping inflorescences.
This flower is often recommended to grow through seedlings, sowing seeds indoors in April, so that flowering begins as early as possible. But Smolevka is a cold-resistant annual that can be sown directly in the ground. When sowing in early May, flowering will begin in July and continue until September.
Sowing is carried out in a small groove (about 1 centimeter deep), after spilling it well with water. After uniform sowing of seeds, it is better to fill them with compost or purchased soil based on peat. Seedlings thin out at a distance of 15 centimeters.
The resin is grown hanging in open sunny places, because in the penumbra the plant will stretch and flowering will be weak. The soil should be sufficiently fertile, neutral or slightly acidic, with good drainage required. The plant is drought tolerant, but watering is necessary in dry times. Top dressing - once a month with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers.
Dangling smolevka is very rare in gardens and completely in vain, because it is a bright and cheerful plant that can become a worthy decoration of the foreground of a flower garden. And when grown in balcony boxes and hanging baskets, it behaves like an ampelous plant and can be combined with petunia.
2. Leptosiphon (beads)
A very unusual annual, resembling moss, suddenly covered with a scattering of colorful flowers. Flowers leptosiphon (Leptosiphon) are tiny, less than 5 millimeters, they consist of 5 petals. The color is represented by several colors: yellow, raspberry, white and pink. At the base of the petals in the center of the flower there are usually contrasting spots.
The flowers rise above the moss-like green curtains on long thin peduncles. The similarity with moss in this plant is due to thin needle-shaped leaves sitting very close together, and a tiny growth of creeping curtains - only up to 10-15 centimeters.
Leptosiphon is best grown on poor low-fertile soils, because on rich soils the appearance of the plant does not change for the better - flowering becomes not so plentiful, and overall decorativeness is significantly lost.
The place of exposure should be necessarily sunny and preferably elevated, but always without stagnation of rainwater. It is a cold-resistant and fast-growing plant, so it can be sown both in April indoors and in May directly into the ground. In the second case, the soil must be prepared, and if there is heavy soil in the garden, replace the top layer with light sandy sand.
Since leptosiphon seeds are very small, even in open ground they are sown superficially. To protect crops from heavy rains, it is better to close such a “school” with film or non-woven material at first. Usually, in the garden land, weed seeds are the first to sprout, which can drown out the tiny shoots of leptosiphon. Therefore, until the flower grows, regular weeding is mandatory.
It is better to sow leptosiphon immediately to the place where it will subsequently grow, since the plant does not tolerate transplanting, and excess seedlings can then simply be removed. The flower gives a good self-sowing, but in this way not all the colors that bloomed last season are reproduced.
It is best to sow this flower in several stages, since its flowering is wavy in nature. Blooming in June, the peak of flowering beads occurs in July, after which there comes a period of calm. By autumn, flowering resumes, but is weaker.
A gentle annual plant with creeping shoots and pretty carved leaves. The height of the flower mat from nemophiles (Nemophila) will not exceed 15 centimeters. The main decorative value of the plant are flowers with a diameter of 3-4 centimeters. Despite the fact that the flowers are medium-sized and solitary, this plant blooms very abundantly.
The shape of the corolla, consisting of 5 petals, is similar to a garden geranium. Depending on the variety, the color of the whisk may vary. Most popular nemophile mencis blue, whose petals are the most delicate sky-blue color, similar to forget-me-nots, and in the center of the corolla there is a pure white spot.
Also on sale you can find varieties: "Ladybug" (white with burgundy streaks and dark dots on the edges of the petals) and Penny Black (maroon, almost black petals with a thin white border).
The nemophile blooms from June for a month, and in the fall can repeat flowering. Therefore, in order to observe its delicate flowers all summer, sowing is carried out in 2 stages with an interval of about a month.
This is a fairly cold-resistant plant, and sowing can be carried out at a permanent place in the garden from May to June. Seeds are planted in prepared soil without weeds and large lumps of earth to a depth of 3-5 millimeters. In warm weather, shoots above 20 degrees will appear in 10-15 days. If the temperature is lower, seed germination may be delayed.
Subsequently, seedlings are thinned at a distance of 5-10 centimeters from each other. Nemophila prefers fertile, well-drained soils. The landing site can be both sunny and partial shade. Regular watering is required, and once a month you can feed the plant with full mineral fertilizer.
Nemophila looks best in the foreground of natural-type flower gardens, can also be planted with a curtain at the foot of a shrub-bush group, it is good in rock gardens, carpet flower beds and as a container plant. Next year you can expect a small self-seeding.
This cute chamomile is widely known for its healing and insecticidal properties. Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) - a low-growing variety of this flower with a height of 20-25 centimeters. The main part of the inflorescence of varietal pyrethrum is occupied by central tubular flowers, and there are very few extreme reeds, so the inflorescence basket of the pyrethrum looks like a small ball or pompon. The color can be a classic chamomile - a yellow center and a white edge, or a plain yellow.
For example, the pyrethrum of the Golden Ball variety has a bright yellow color, and reed flowers are completely absent, which makes such a chamomile ball look especially original. The diameter of the inflorescence is 2.5-3.5 centimeters. The leaves of the feverfew are pinnate, but not very dissected and similar in appearance to the foliage of chrysanthemums. The bush is branched, but not too wide in breadth.
You can sow feverfew indoors in April, late autumn before winter, or in May immediately to a permanent place. Seeding depth is not more than 3 millimeters. Shoots appear in 10-15 days. In the future, they will need to be thinned to a distance of 15-20 centimeters.
The landing site should be sunny or slightly penumbra. Pyrethrum is a cold-resistant plant and its seedlings can withstand mild short-term frosts. Adult plants remain in bloom even at -3 ... -4 degrees, so the feverfew will bloom until late autumn.
The plant prefers a moderately fertile neutral or alkaline reaction to the soil. You can feed it once a month. To stimulate flowering, it is recommended to trim the bushes and top dress. For better branching, young seedlings are best nipped. If you do not cut off faded flowers in time, then the feverfew will give self-seeding.
Looks good in the foreground of the flower garden in combination with snapdragon, petunia, marigolds and other plants. It grows well in containers on the balcony. From cut flowers you can make a small bouquet that will stand for a very long time in a vase or use as a dried flower
A popular plant, well known to gardeners as siderata and beekeepers as a wonderful honey plant. Florists would also do well to pay closer attention to individual representatives of this genus. For example, bellflower phacelia (Phacelia campanularia) has a conspicuous and touching appearance.
She has quite large, up to 3 centimeters in diameter, flowers of a very rare true blue-indigo hue, from which large yellow anthers peek out on long stamens. The shape of the flower is bell-shaped. The height of the bushes is 15-20 centimeters, creeping stems, rising.
Phacelia Purche (Phacelia purshii) differs from bell-shaped, first of all, in size, and it is a rather tall plant from 30 to 60 centimeters tall. Flowers 4 centimeters in diameter purple with a white spot in the center of the calyx.
This is a very unpretentious plant. Phacelia can grow successfully on virtually any soil, except very saline. The place must certainly be sunny and without stagnation of water. Facelia is fertilized once during the budding period.
The flower is very difficult to tolerate the transplant, so the most optimal is to sow the seeds immediately to a permanent place in the ground in early to mid-May. Shoots will appear in about 5-10 days. Thinning seedlings at a distance of 10-15 centimeters from each other. Phacelia bloom will begin in mid-June and will last about a month.
Phacelia is used in mixtures for the Moorish lawn, in the foreground of the flower garden, as a container plant, at the foot of tree-shrub groups, in rock gardens and flower beds of a natural type.
The main disadvantage of these types of phacelia is short-term flowering. Therefore, it must be sown in several stages. However, this problem is partially offset by rapid growth and absolute unpretentiousness.