15 best varieties of carrots for fresh consumption and storage
Carrots come in different colors: orange, white, yellow, purple ... Beta-carotene predominates in orange carrots, yellow is due to the presence of xanthophylls; white carrots have a lot of fiber, and purple contains anthocyanin, beta and alpha carotenes. But, as a rule, gardeners choose carrot varieties for sowing, not by the color of the fruit, but by the ripening time. According to this criterion, early varieties of carrots (ripen in 65-95 days), mid-ripening (100-115 days) and late-ripening varieties (120 days before harvest) are distinguished. We will talk about the best varieties in this article.
Early Carrot Varieties
Short-ripened carrots are chosen for food. Such varieties are not suitable for long-term storage, as a rule, they have low productivity indicators (compared with late-ripening) and insufficiently high taste qualities (compared with mid-ripening carrot varieties). We suggest you get acquainted with atypically fruitful and delicious early varieties of carrots.
1. Carrots "Amsterdam"
The most delicious and fragrant, grown in all climatic zones. Carrots "Amsterdam" - medium size, color - bright orange. The fruit is about 17 cm long, weighing 50-120 grams. It has the shape of a cylinder, a rounded end and a narrow orange center. This is one of the few early ripe varieties of carrots, the flesh of which is juicier, tender and sweet.
With proper care and favorable weather, the yield can reach six kilograms per 1 sq. Km. m, the ripening period is 70-90 days. To get a good yield, the seeds are sown thicker than usual. The variety is resistant to “flowering” and cracking of the fetus even with excessive soil moisture.
For growth, light fertile soil with a plowed layer of great depth is required. The plant requires regular watering, especially during the growth of root crops, and careful loosening of the soil. The emerged seedlings are thinned out and fed after three weeks. For feeding carrots, only mineral fertilizers are used.
Carrots "Amsterdam" is good in kind, in the manufacture of juices, salads, it is loved by children, it is used in diet food. During heat treatment it retains its taste.
2. Carrots "Tushon"
A distinctive feature of this variety is the commercial appearance, sufficient availability of useful components, pleasant taste and juiciness. The body of the carrot is smooth, smooth, dark orange with a reddish tint, cylindrical in shape with a blunt finish. Reaches in length up to 21 cm, weight 85-200 grams. The core is small, the same color as the flesh.
Sown in spring or autumn (winter sowing). The growing season is 70-80 days. Spring planting times vary by region. It can be sown when the temperature of the soil warms up to + 10 ° C. Productivity reaches up to 6 kg / 1 m².
The soil is preferably loamy or sandy, soft, loose. Before sowing, seeds are well soaked for a day in water. The sowing place in the open ground should be well lit by the sun. Having finished sowing seeds, the beds are watered with warm water and mulched with a thin layer of straw or compost. After thinning, the distance between seedlings should be 5 cm, rows are placed at a distance of 20 cm.
To produce juicy and sweet carrots, the Tushon cultivar is grown at an air temperature of at least + 20 ° C; at lower night temperatures in spring, plants should be protected by a canopy from the film.
Carrots "Tushon" is used fresh and is used to prepare various dishes. Suitable for baby food due to its good taste and high carotene content (11.9%).
3. Carrots “Paris carrot”
High yielding variety. The root crop is small, only about 5 cm long, rounded in shape. Ripe, maturing less than 72 days. Productivity is quite high, has an excellent taste, and is immune to common diseases. The lack of shootings and “bloom” make this variety attractive to most gardeners.
Following the rules of plant care, they harvest up to 8 kg per 1 sq. Km. m. It is stored for a long time, compared with other varieties of early carrots.
Carrot "Parisian carrot", with juicy tender pulp, is perfect for making juice and drinking raw, as well as for diet.
Read more about growing carrots in our article How to grow large and sweet carrots?
4. Carrots “Orange nutmeg”
A relatively new, delicate variety of carrots of bright orange color, the fruits of which, ripening, take the form of a cylinder with a slight narrowing at the bottom. It grows to 16 cm long, weighing 120-160 g. Inside the root crop there is practically no core.
The ripening period is surprisingly short, only 55-70 days. Sow seeds in open ground in April-May in grooves with a depth of one centimeter. The gaps between the rows save 20 cm. Thinning seedlings, leave five centimeters between the plants.
High-quality care allows you to get high productivity - up to 6.5 kg per square meter. It is well kept, suitable for collection in bunches.
The excellent taste, juiciness and sweetness of Orange Muscat carrots make it ideal for feeding children, making juices and mashed potatoes.
5. Carrot "Dragon"
One of the most attractive varieties of carrots early ripening with an unusual bright purple skin peel. The core of this carrot is orange.
Unusual coloring does not require any special growing conditions. Seeds are sown early in the spring in the ground. It is necessary to ensure that the earth does not dry out, but also is not too wet. Water stagnation is unacceptable. In the process of growing carrots, the earth is loosened, fertilized, weeds are removed and seedlings are thinned out.
The root vegetable has a sweet taste, contains a large amount of vitamins of group A and beta-carotene. Dragon carrots are recommended for use by nutritionists to strengthen immunity, normalize blood pressure and improve blood composition, maintain heart function and improve appearance.
It is better to eat fresh. When cooked, carrots lose their exotic purple color and some of the nutrients.
Early Carrot Varieties
A longer ripening period of these carrot varieties allows one to obtain a higher content of vitamins and useful microelements (as compared to the earlier varieties) in sweeter and juicier fruits (as compared to the later carrot varieties). Medium early varieties are sown, usually in the last week of April.
6. Carrot "Carrot"
High yielding variety. The root crop is small, up to 15 cm long, the shape is conical, rounded at the end. The fruit grows in 100-110 days from the time of sowing seeds. High yields are achieved with appropriate care and compliance with the rules of agricultural technology. Shooting and “flowering” rarely affect this variety. Among medium-early varieties of carrots, it has a long shelf life.
Carrot "Carrot" grows well with sufficient moisture, so it should be watered at least once a week.
Growing this variety of carrots, we get a very juicy fruit, to which a high content of carotene and sugar give a sweetish taste. A great treat for children and adults.
7. Carrot "Nantes 4"
Very popular among the time-tested, best table varieties of carrots. She is part of the golden collection of our breeders. This variety is grown in all regions of the country and in any soil and climatic conditions.
Fruits - cylindrical, regular classical shape with a blunt end and a small tail, weigh up to 150 gr. The average length is 15-17 cm. The pulp is orange with a reddish tint.
Productivity is up to 6.5 kg per square meter. Suitable for winter sowing. Full ripeness is achieved after 78-108 days. It is successfully stored until the end of December. In a cool, dry place, in a mixture of sawdust and shavings, it is stored almost until the next summer harvest, however, with some damage.
The advantage is immunity to "flowering", resistance to carrot flies, rot and mold.
The best crop is harvested on loose fertile soils. Undemanding care when growing. Thinning carrots during growth makes it possible to obtain earlier small fruits.
Great taste. You can call the carrot variety "Nantes 4" one of the most delicious, as confirmed by many gardeners. It is used in raw and processed form. You can use carrots for food after half the ripening period.
8. Carrot "Vitamin 6"
A universal variety of carrots of old selection, which is very popular among gardeners. Distributed almost throughout Russia, except for the northern regions.
The form is smooth, oblong-cylindrical, with a blunt rounded end, 15-20 cm long. The mass of the root crop ranges from 70 to 170 g, and can reach 200 g. A saturated orange color. The core is star-shaped, faceted.
The ripening period is 80-110 days, depending on climate conditions. Harvest above average, up to 9-10 kg per square meter. Seeds are sown in early spring.
Undemanding to cultivation, has a long shelf life, is resistant to weather conditions. It is resistant to “flowering”, but prone to common carrot diseases. It is frost-resistant, winter sowing is possible.
The lack of phosphorus and potassium in the ground can lead to a deterioration in the taste of carrots. Also, the late taste of carrot harvest, poor thinning, and untimely soil fertilization also reduce the quality of taste. Fertilizers should not be applied a month before the harvest.
The excellent sweet taste of Vitamin 6 carrots, the high content of carotene, vitamins, fructose favorably distinguish this variety among many other medium-early ripening periods.
9. Carrots "Chantenay 2461"
This classic variety is considered the best among the best, and its fruits are called the most delicious and fragrant.
The fruits have a conical shape with a trimmed end. Even in hard soil, the fruits are smooth, not curved. The length is small (up to 14 cm), the fruits are quite thick, with a diameter of up to 6 cm. Crispy, dense pulp, bright orange color. The mass reaches 300 g, but with good soil moisture, you can grow giants weighing 500 g.
The variety is universal, widespread. Ripening time is 80-110 days. With proper care and timely watering, the yield is 9 kg per square meter. Long shelf life - until the time of planting a new crop.
Chantenay 2461 carrots are undemanding to soil quality and climatic conditions. It tolerates a period of drought and an excess of moisture. In the absence of high humidity, the fruits are not subject to cracking.
To get an earlier crop, sow in mid-April, to get a crop for storage, sow in late May-early June in open, sunny areas of land.
This variety of carrots is grown everywhere, as one of its main advantages is the low demands on soil quality and climate. However, loamy soil fertilized with humus is preferred. The variety is cold-resistant, suitable for winter sowing. In this case, the seeds are sown dry in frozen ground.
The taste is quite good, juicy and aromatic. High percentage of carotene and sugar. It is used both in natural form for the preparation of juices and salad, as well as in processed ones.
10. Carrots "Moscow winter A 515"
A distinctive feature of this variety is the preservation of useful qualities when storing and using raw carrots all winter.
Carrots "Moscow Winter A 515" looks like an elongated cone, the end of which is rounded. The fruit has an orange color, the surface is smooth, length is 15-18 cm, weight is 100-170 g, the core is round, small. The root body is soft, aromatic, of excellent taste. Adequate presence of sugar and carotene.
The variety is universal, cold-resistant. Distributed everywhere. The ripening period of fruits is 90-110 days. Productivity 5-7 kg per square meter. Sow carrots in open, sunny areas.
When growing carrots, it is important to observe crop rotation. Carrots grow remarkably and correspond to the taste of the variety if it is planted after tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, potatoes, cabbage and garlic.
Sow seeds in late April with warm soil, deepening them by two centimeters. Seeds are covered with soil or a sand-peat mixture and covered with a film until seedlings appear. Carrots germinate slowly, so special attention should be paid to removing weeds from the beds.
Late ripe carrots
Basically, late-ripening carrot varieties demonstrate less vivid taste, but have long shelf life, which allows us to eat fresh carrots all year round. Next - the five most delicious varieties of carrots for long-term storage.
11. Carrot Queen of the Autumn
Very popular frost resistant variety. Root crops are conical, with a slightly sharp end, length 20-25 cm, weight 60-180 (up to 250), the flesh is rich orange with redness. Productivity 8-9 kg per square meter. Full technical ripeness of the fetus is achieved within 120-130 days from the onset of seedlings. The value of the variety lies in the absence of cracking and “bloom”, friendly formation and evenness of root crops, and a long storage period.
The optimum soil temperature for seed germination is + 16 ... + 20 ° C. Sow seeds in late April-early May. The distance between plants after thinning should be 5-6 cm, between the rows a distance of 20-40 cm is maintained. The depth of sowing of seeds is 2-2.5 cm.
To taste the Queen of Autumn carrots are sweet, tender and juicy. It is recommended for raw food and is good for preparing any dishes.
12. Carrots “Sweet winter”
Another outstanding variety with an increased sugar content and carotene. The conical shape of the fetus. It grows about 20-22 cm in length, large volume, bright orange. The ripening period is 140-150 days. Harvest high, germination up to 90%. Very good fruit preservation.
To get an earlier crop, carrots are sown in April. But for winter storage it is better to sow it in May-June, harvesting in September-October.
Regular moderate watering contributes to the formation of large root crops. The place of formation of beds should be open, sunny, on sandy or light loamy soil. In the process of growth, carrots are regularly watered, weeded and loosened.
Winter sowing is possible in October-November, the beds must be mulched with peat.
The sweet winter carrots are juicy, sweet, tender. Perfect for baby and diet food all year round, maintaining its beneficial qualities.
Learn about the mistakes of carrots agricultural technology - read our article Why carrots do not grow well?
13. Carrots "Olympus"
A variety of French breeding, designed for the middle strip. The shape of the fruit is smooth, cylindrical, the color is orange with red, the core is small. The tip may be slightly pointed. The length reaches 22-26 cm, weight 80-130 g.
The growing season is 160-170 days. Productivity is 2.4-5.8 kg per square meter. Suitable for long-term storage (up to 6 months). Few affected by carrot flies and other common diseases.
This variety is demanding on soil moisture, its fertility and friability. Light, slightly acidic, aerated soil is suitable for its cultivation. Do not use fresh organic fertilizers. To get a good crop, potash fertilizers are applied to the soil. The high content of nitrogen and water prevents the growth of root crops.
Seeds for earlier fruit ripening can be sown in March to a depth of 2-3 cm, and for carrots for storage - in the first half of May.
The fruits of Olympus carrots have a wonderful taste - juicy, sweet.Suitable for fresh consumption, for processing and canning.
14. Carrot "Red Giant"
Belongs to the new universal varieties of carrots. One of the latest ripe varieties. Root crops are even, very large, up to 27 cm long and up to 6 cm in diameter. Cone-shaped, with a smooth surface and a blunt finish. The color is dark orange. Weight, on average, 150 g. A good harvest requires abundant watering and good, fertilized soil. The ripening period is 150 days. Productivity - up to 4 kg per square meter. It is stored for a long time. Frost resistance is high.
The variety is not susceptible to most diseases. A long shelf life does not reduce the useful qualities of carrots and does not spoil its presentation.
For sowing seeds, loamy or sandy loamy soil warmed up to + 10 ° C is required. The plot should be sunny. Sowing time is April-early May. The bed before sowing should be abundantly watered with warm water. The sowing depth is up to 3 cm, the distance between the rows is 20 cm. After the second thinning, the distance between the plants should be approximately 5 cm. After sowing, before emergence, the bed should be covered with a film or mulched.
The taste of carrots "Red Giant" is soft, juicy and sweet. The variety is high in vitamins and is recommended for use by people of all ages.
15. Carrot "Monastic"
The shape of the fruit is conical with an elongated end, smooth, the skin is smooth. Length reaches 25 cm, diameter up to 4-6 cm, weight 140-220 g. Coloring is uniform, bright orange, core of the same color, round. From seedlings to full ripening, 130-140 days pass. Stable productivity - 3.2-5.6 kg per 1 sq.m.
Carrots are sown in April-May, deepening the seeds by 1 cm. Rows are sown at a distance of 20 cm, between the bushes after thinning there is a gap of 5-7 cm. The soil temperature when sowing seeds should be at least + 8 ° C. After sowing, the bed is mulched or stretched film at a height of 6 cm to create the desired microclimate and space for plant growth.
The long shelf life of the fruit is up to 9 months. When stored properly in a cool dry place, 100% safe.
The taste of carrots "Monastic" is very delicate. Suitable for any method of use: juices, mashed potatoes, heat treatment, canning. Suitable for diet food.