Amorpha - the star of modern design
The fashion for expressive lines, shapes and original inflorescences affects not only garden annuals and perennials, but also larger plants - shrubs and trees. One of the brightest stars of modern design is still not very popular with us, but famous in the West - amorphous. An amazing shrub and shrub, capable of reaching several meters in height, but remaining airy light and surprisingly graphic, captivates not only with its lace crown and symmetrical cirrus leaves. Amorphous flowering, in the first half of summer crowning bushes with unusual spikelets of small flowers, stands out from other garden crops. But they love amorphous for other qualities - undemanding and endurance.
Luxurious leaves and protruding amorphous inflorescences
Amorphous talents are not limited to decorative qualities. The plant is actively used in medicine, its medicinal properties make it possible to include shrubs in the list of the most valuable industrial species. But nevertheless, it is the beauty of this amazing garden giant that distinguishes it from a number of usual garden plants and provides an amorphous brilliant career as a major soloist and one of the basic bushes for modern design.
In height, they are limited to 2 meters. In all beauties of the genus Amorpha, the crown is dense, dense, razlogaya. The long leaves of the feathery type seem perfectly symmetrical, forming a patterned, ornamental and elegant crown. Amorfa introduces modern orderliness, beauty of details into any composition, but at the same time it remains not massive, but airy light. Amorphous foliage is very pleasant to the touch, it seems silky-velvety, when rubbed, it exudes essential oils.
Amorphous bloom is more than unusual. The amorphous color palette ranges from red to purple and violet, but thanks to the bracts, the inflorescences always seem dark. The sticking ears seem to add audacity to a beautiful crown, add a touch of playfulness. In place of the flowers, small unopened bean fruits are tied, which remain on the bushes until spring, decorating the garden.
Amorphs begin their development, vegetate only in mid-May. On the garden scene, they play a prominent role until October. Flowering begins in July, at the beginning or middle of the month for all amorphs and lasts from 3 to 4 weeks.
Types and varieties of amorphous
The genus amorphous combines 15 species of shrubs and shrubs, and almost all of them are very attractive and unusual. In landscape design, about ten species are actively used. Let's get acquainted with the most popular amorphs that can be used in the design of gardens in regions with harsh winters, closer.
The most winter-hardy amorphous species that do not freeze to soil level are:
1. Amorpha shrubby (Amorpha fruticos) - a bush with sticky shoots sticking up unmatched upwards, which even in regions with harsh winters easily reaches a height of 2.5 m.The leaves of this amorphous are large, up to 30 cm long, consist of an odd number of elliptic leaflets decorated with a ciliated edge. When rubbed, the leaves emit the smell of essential oils. It blooms profusely and luxuriantly every year, releasing large blackish inflorescences up to 15 cm long, against the background of small flowers in which yellow stamens stand out brightly. This amorphous blooms for almost a month, starting in mid-June. She sets fruit only in September, in warm weather.
In addition to the basic form, varieties are also popular:
- the weeping form of the pendula;
- white-flowered "Albiflora";
- large-flowered variety Lewisii;
- blue-flowered variety ‘Saurulea’;
- narrow leaf variety ‘Angustifolia’;
- curly-headed ‘Crispa’;
- ‘Emarginata’ variety with beautiful oval leaves decorated with a notch on the top;
- elegant ‘Tennessensis’ with an edge on the leaves and an elongated shape of beans.
2. Amorpha dwarf (Amorpha nana) got its name for a modest, only 50 cm tall. But this crumb seems to have twice as pronounced patterned leaves, the tier of the crown and the beauty of flowering. The branches of the dwarf amorphous droop beautifully. The leaves consist of densely arranged oval leaflets-lobes and reach a length of 10 cm. Purple fragrant flowers are collected in inflorescences from 5 to 10 cm long. Curved beans with a short nose are very attractive.
But the remaining amorphs, despite freezing, are able to winter under shelter. Since these shrubs bloom on the shoots of the current year, they are restored quickly, do not be afraid of the low declared winter hardiness: with proper preparation for winter, even the most tender amorphous plants will successfully cope with the conditions of the middle lane. In addition to the botanical gardens, the following species belong to us:
1. The largest of amorphous - Amorpha paniculata (Amorpha paniculata) Despite freezing, it is restored to its usual height. In comfortable conditions, the plant can grow up to 3 m. The leaves are long, composed of oval lobes, and inflorescences develop in the form of a magnificent panicle, and not a dense spikelet.
2. Reaching a height of 2 meters, Amorpha nude (Amorpha glabra) seems particularly elegant. The crown in her diameter is half the height, the plant itself seems surprisingly airy, and the foliage is silky.
3. Slightly lower, only up to 1.5 m Amorpha grassy (Amorpha herbaceae) stands out much wider, up to 2 times greater than the height of the crown. It grows very quickly, forms an airy, ornamental pillow of stunning beauty.
4. Amorpha gray (Amorpha canescens) reaches a height of only 1 meter. Its branches are not completely woody, but covered with a beautiful silver edge, and the plant itself seems to be steel. The inflorescences are bluish, very peculiar in shape.
Amorpha in decorative gardening is used:
- as a magnificent bush for solo parties;
- as a major emphasis on flower beds, in discounts, landscape arrays;
- in hedges;
- as a textural accent in modern design;
- to strengthen the soil, design gardens with complex terrain, create compositions on the slopes;
- in the design of rockeries and rock gardens, where amorpha brings airy lightness and interesting contrasts;
- in design with a focus on exotic effects;
- dwarf amorphous planted in borders.
The best partners for amorphous plants are large decorative cereals, shrubby cinquefoil, and barberries.
Amorpha is considered absolutely undemanding to growing conditions and able to decorate almost any area with this crop. Indeed, this is a very tenacious species of shrubs, which is not afraid of difficulties. But amorphous is grown as an ornamental plant not only so that it survives, but, first of all, to decorate ensembles. And in order to reveal all its beauty, at least the minimal characteristics of lighting and soil will have to be taken care of.
All amorphous plants are photophilous. They grow best in sunny areas, put up with light shading, but prefer light, if not bright, locations in any garden.
Amorphous soil is easy to select. The main thing is to immediately rule out wet, swampy areas. The plant reaches its greatest decorative effect on at least slightly calcareous or alkaline soil, light in texture, sandy and drained. Adequate water and air permeability of the soil is also very important, but you can work on it during planting by laying drainage, making compost, sand, etc. into the soil. Soil fertility is not important for amorphous.
The only drawback of amorphous is transplant intolerance. The plant not only requires early planting in a permanent place, but will not tolerate any transfer to a new location.
Features of caring for amorphous
An amazing graphic bush will pleasantly surprise you with its loyalty to the "lazy" care program. Amorpha practically does not need care, it is one of the most drought-tolerant decorative species and practically does not need top dressing.
Amorphous irrigation is practically not needed. It tolerates heat and drought well. With gratitude, the amorpha will respond to one or two of these procedures per season during the hottest days, when the absence of precipitation drags on, all garden plants, without exception, suffer from the weather. Frequent, and even more systemic watering, as well as procedures during any small drought, will not be needed.
Only makes it easier to care for the compositions and the garden as a whole, the ability of amorphous plants to grow virtually without fertilizing. If it was planted at least in the average garden soil by characteristics, then amorphous fertilizers will not be needed at all. On depleted soil, after 4-5 years of cultivation in one place, you can begin to carry out a single top dressing per year. For amorphous, it is sufficient in early spring to apply a portion of complete mineral fertilizers or to incorporate organic fertilizers into the soil.
In fact, pruning is the only essential component of caring for this plant. It should consist of three components:
- sanitary pruning, which is carried out every spring, removing without fail the old, frozen, damaged shoots;
- rejuvenating pruning, which is carried out only according to need with signs of inhibited growth and poor flowering. During such trimming, the cut is carried out radically, under the root. But even in the rejuvenation of the amorpha, it will show outstanding qualities: the bush will have time to grow and bloom, fully recover already this year;
- remove excess root shoots to control sprouting.
Unlike other unpretentious perennials, which practically do not need preparation for wintering, amorpha will require special protection. In frosts exceeding -20 degrees, the shoots of amorphous freeze, and the rhizome suffers. To successfully grow this shrub in the middle lane, shoots need to be bent to the ground for the winter. Before the actual winter shelter, the soil around the shrub should be mulled with a thick layer of peat and dry foliage. Gently bending down the shoots, it is better to cover the amorphous from above with dry foliage and spruce branches, and if there is such an opportunity, use the air-dry method.
Pest and Amorphous Disease Control
Amorpha very rarely gets sick and is even less affected by pests. This is a magnificent resistant plant that will not cause trouble even with the prevention of fungal infections or aphids.
Propagating this delicious plant is easy enough. Amorphous shoots are well rooted, bushes release shoots, and new amorphs can be obtained from seeds.
Sowing seeds is carried out only in a high-quality, loose, nutritious substrate and exclusively in the spring. For germination, they will need preliminary soaking for 10-12 hours in warm water, if the seeds are very dry, old ones should be scarified in hot water or other methods of similar processing. Crops are carried out shallow, in moist soil. For germination, they maintain a temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius and constant humidity (cover the crops with glass or film).
When the seedlings get stronger, several strong leaves will appear, the plants need to be peaked in individual containers. The complexity of the seed method of reproduction is due to the fact that plants cannot be transferred to open soil throughout the year, they need to be grown as a pot culture. In May, young seedlings are taken out to the garden, and with the advent of cold weather they are brought back into the premises, choosing cool, dark and dry rooms. Seedlings can be planted in the soil only next spring. The sooner the planting is carried out, the better (as soon as the soil warms up, the amorph can be transplanted to a permanent place).
Vegetative propagation dates are also limited in spring. From adult, strong bushes, young growth can be separated. Separate root shoots very carefully, trying to minimize harm to the mother plant. The rooting can not be intermediate planted: it must be immediately planted in a new, constant place and maintain light constant soil moisture before growth.
Amorphous cuttings are cut in June, preferably in the first two decades. They root in the same way as in any other shrub - under a hood in high-quality soil under the condition of constant humidity. After rooting, the plants are grown in pot culture, for the first year they are cleaned for wintering in a dry, dark and cool room. They are planted in the soil in the same way as plants grown from seeds: after heating the soil in the spring.