Zhiryanka - a modest indoor predator
Among predatory houseplants, the puffin is rightly called one of the most popular. This perennial insectivorous shy, in fact, is able to surprise with the tenderness of flowers resembling violets, and the unusual color of bright lime leaves. But still, this plant is often grown not as a decorative culture, but as an exotic zest that can bring unexpected accents to home collections. A fat woman cannot boast of a special catchiness, but it makes only a deceptively simple impression and captivates with her loveliness, modesty and ruthlessness. Cute neat rosettes of rounded leaves and the ability to bloom profusely with good care give the plant a special charm. Moreover, this indoor predator is not at all difficult to care for.
Cute appearance of an aggressive insectivore
In the genus of puffy perennials collected perennial insectivorous plants, which are surprisingly easy to recognize by similar leaves and flowering. Despite the different colors of the flowers, the paprika always makes a touching, gentle impression. This perennial belongs to the family Pemphigus (Lentibulariaceae), and proudly bears the status of the only plant that has real roots. Gingerbread woman got its name thanks to very fleshy leaves, the sticky coating on which really seems bold. Among floriculturists, a papaver is also known as oily grass and blue papaver.
Zhiryanka (Pinguicula) - perennial plants that, despite having the status of insectivorous culture, can boast of the presence of these roots, which allow the plant to survive in extreme cases. Very fleshy, juicy, with an oily sheen, the leaves of this plant appear at the same time very bright and simple. They gather in a neat, very beautiful basal outlet, under which there is a "false stomach". Elongated-ovoid, with a rounded edge, they are covered with small droplets of sticky secretion, which secrete the glands of the plant.
It is the glands, half of which secrete a sweet mucus secretion, and the other digestive enzymes, and are responsible for insect overgrazing. The mechanism of digestion in a gingerbread woman resembles another insectivorous plant - sundew. But in a puffy woman, the leaf is wrapped slowly, and more often it remains unfolded. Thanks to the digestive glands located on the surface of the leaves, etching begins without twisting. When the insect sits on the bright green greens of the beauty, seduced by a sweet bloom, it hopelessly sticks, and in the case of small midges, the enzymes produced by the glands completely etch it.
But the movement of large insects caught in the trap of a girly, like twitching a web, triggers the mechanism of slow leaf twisting and the gradual cleavage of protein compounds. It is no coincidence that flower growers claim that a puffy woman is a kind of lively Velcro tape. It is on the stickiness of this plant that its entire predatory mechanism is built. In the development of a plant, there are two periods of development - wet and dry. Zhirianki produce summer "hunting" leaves and winter small pubescent, which are actually growth points or buds; Thus, one plant forms two rosettes per year - a real and a succulent winter.
But not only the predatory talents of this culture need to be admired. After all, the pear-seed woman has very beautiful and single flowers, towering on a long peduncle. They are pretty, simple, most resembling violets in form, although upon closer examination, a slightly different structure becomes apparent, with the two upper and lower lobes of the corolla asymmetrically located and the bright center of the pharynx. In diameter, the flowers of the puffy woman reach 2-3 cm. The advantages of the plant can be safely attributed to a varied palette of colors, including both blue and violet, as well as rarer white and pink colors. After flowering, fruit boxes are tied.
Types of Fat Woman
65 species of plants are united in the genus of papillaria. All of them mainly grow in marshy and humid rocky areas. Since the papaver is a kind of indicator plant, it is extremely sensitive to climate change and environmental pollution, it suffers from the influence of humans on wetlands, this plant is a protected culture and is included in the Red Book in most countries. The main places of growth of puffy in nature are included in the number of protected areas.
In room culture, mainly 5 species of paprika originating from Central America are used. These plants, unlike their counterparts, adapt much better to potting conditions and room temperatures.
Moranian Zhiryanka (Pinguicula moranensis) during the growing season produces two outlets - a fairly large and spectacular summer and small winter. In the summer rosette, the leaves are richly yellow-green or burgundy, reach 13 cm in length and stand out perfectly round in shape with a smooth surface densely dotted with glands. But in a winter outlet, the leaves reach a length of only 3 cm, are covered with a hairy edge, on which there are no glands. The number of leaves of such an outlet sometimes reaches hundreds. Flowering is very spectacular.
Plants produce up to 7 single flowers with a diameter of up to 5 cm in white or lilac color. There are two varieties of this paprika with different leaf shapes - the brighter large leafy paprika Moravian var. moranensis and the humble little Moravian var. neovolcanica.
Zhiryanka round-section (Pinguicula cyclosecta) Is one of the most beautiful species, whose oval leaves with a diameter of only 3 cm are collected in an almost flat, rounded rosette, arranged in a spiral and making the plant especially ornamental. During the growing season, each puffin leaves up to 30 silver-gray leaves with a beautiful violet-purple edge, which seems to blur to the middle of the leaf blade.
The rather large flowers towering on long peduncles, with a diameter of 3 cm, show off with the larger lower petals of the corolla and surprisingly harmonize in color with greens due to their bright purple tone. The trapping leaves of the plant, in this case, unlike other papillaries, are formed underground.
Gypsum gypsum (Pinguicula gypsicola) in nature, perfectly adapted in the company of succulents and adapted to almost dry conditions. A delicate, small, neat round rosette seems more modest and wild than other roomwomen. This species needs a slightly different approach to substrate selection. For gypsum gypsum, it is necessary to select only substrates consisting of equal parts of sand and vermiculite, since this plant is used to growing under slightly different conditions, on gypsum rock.
Alpine Zhiryanka (Pinguicula alpina) stands out for its unusual leaves. The outlet of this beauty contains numerous oblong, obovate sessile leaves with upward curving edges, a yellowish color and an iron-gummy surface. With a width of 1.5 cm in length, the leaves reach 13 cm. The flowers of this papaver, unlike other species, do not wilt, but grow directly. They rise on bare peduncles about 12 cm high, show off with a bare cup and pointed, elongated corolla lobes.
It is white or light yellow at the flower, while bright yellow spots on the lower lip at the very base emphasize the warm shade of color. The spur is three times shorter than the rest of the corolla. An alpine girly flower blooms in late June-July.
Zhiryanka ordinary (Pinguicula vulgaris) - a beauty with oval, narrowed to the base sessile leaves, a light green color in which is characteristic only for the upper side. Even with a width of 1-2 cm and a length of 2-4 cm, they form very neat, ornamental rosettes. The glossy gloss of leaves is difficult to mistake for a gummy-sticky surface. On peduncles with a height of 15 to 17 cm rise reaching only 3 cm in diameter, but very beautiful flowers, covered with short glandular hairs. The drooping form makes them similar to violets, and a raspberry-purple corolla and an awl-shaped spur emphasize the beauty of the flower. This plant blooms in mid-summer.
Care for a fat woman at home
It is not by chance that a fat girl is called the best carnivorous plant for beginners, or rather, for exploring these unusual cultures. Although her appearance is not as expressive as that of other predatory plants, but she is less unpretentious to care and well tolerates conditions that are not too comfortable for other plants.
Zhirianki are able to put up with a lack of light, do not need to increase air humidity and even adapt to irrigation with ordinary water, unlike their competitors. Yes, and the flowers of the puffy woman last the longest, and in some hybrids they remain on the plants literally for a full six months. Unpretentious and hardy, this baby demonstrates amazing adaptive abilities, and even if she displays her predatory instincts quite modestly, she can easily outshine her competitors with her friendliness to flower growers.
Lighting for fat women
The ability to grow even in poor lighting is one of the main advantages of a fat woman. In fact, for this plant, 3 hours of solar "regime" per day is enough. Just a few hours of gentle scattered rays of the morning or evening sun will ensure its normal development and beautiful flowering. Fat woman does not like direct sunlight, especially daylight. The sun can cause the greatest harm to the plant during the summer when kept in hot temperatures.
It is best to keep this culture in diffuse lighting on the eastern and western windowsills, or in the interior near the southern windows. This culture responds well to artificial lighting and can be contained in terrariums and backlit florariums. For a fat woman, there is no need to adjust the lighting due to seasonal variations. This culture cannot stand a deep shadow, but in partial shade it feels quite comfortable.
Zhirianki do not like the displacement of the plant relative to the light source. On the pot, you can make a note to focus on the location and not accidentally expand the plant.
Of all the insectivorous cultures, the paprika is best adapted to indoor temperature ranges. For this plant, the optimum content is considered to be at a temperature of 25 to 35 degrees Celsius in the summer and about 15-18 degrees Celsius in the winter. A cold wintering is not needed, it is enough to at least slightly lower the temperature after the plant releases winter leaves. In this case, the conditions may vary and fluctuate. What a fat woman will not tolerate is a drop in temperature below 15 degrees.
The only condition that you should not forget about is that there should be at least a slight fluctuation between the day and night temperatures. In this regard, the puffy are very similar to orchids. Basically, the difference between night and day temperature is necessary for more abundant and longer flowering. Although foliage, such fluctuations are beneficial.
One of the very important conditions for the successful flowering of a fat woman is to ensure constant ventilation. This predatory culture simply adores access to fresh air, and not only because only in this way insects can reach them. For normal development, it is necessary to provide daily ventilation. Fortunately, this swamp predator is not afraid of drafts, with the exception of too strong temperature drops as a result of the cold wind.
Watering and humidity
Zhiryanka, like other indoor predators, prefers irrigation with distilled water. But unlike other insectivorous cultures, it can come to terms with water of a different composition. In particular, this modest beauty with predatory inclinations can be watered with rainwater. In extreme cases, a puffy woman can even adapt to defended tap water, although, of course, it is better not to reach such extremes.
The main feature of the irrigation of a fat woman is the need to conduct it only through a pallet. For this plant, exclusively lower watering is suitable, classical procedures can become fatal for the plant. Watering is carried out, maintaining the average constant humidity of the substrate. In winter, it is reduced in accordance with the temperature of the content and the rate of drying of the soil. The approximate frequency of procedures is 1-2 days in the summer and 1 time per week in the winter.
Like most carnivorous plants, puffin fish react very poorly to low humidity. Due to the sticky coating on the leaves, it is strictly forbidden to spray this plant, expose it to a shower or any other procedure during which water gets on leaf plates and stems. It is desirable to increase the humidity to an average level for the most abundant flowering by the installation of humidifiers, achieving indicators of at least 40% (but it is better to provide indicators of 60-70%). It is precisely because of the love of the humid atmosphere that the fat woman feels so good in the terrarium.
Fertilizers for fat women
Like other insectivorous plants, puffy does not need to be fertilized at all. The only way to feed the plants is with insects, placing pieces of cut or spoiled fruit next to the crop to attract small Drosophila midges. But such measures are not necessary at all, especially since they can affect the climate of the room. Zhiryanka itself perfectly copes with the task of attracting various insects, in particular, will help you get rid of mosquitoes.
Transplant and substrate
For this charming predator, it is necessary to select classic acidic substrates for insectivorous cultures. Usually a simple substrate is used, consisting of peat and perlite in equal parts or containing twice as much peat as the loosening component. Instead of perlite, you can use coarse sand, and vermiculite or other additives, but nevertheless it is in a special substrate for predators that the pearl feels most comfortable.
The plant is transplanted with a frequency of 1 time per year or for adult specimens - 1 time in 2 years. Gingerbread girl develops slowly, does not actually develop the soil, needs flowering for flowering. It is best to change capacities in mid-March: before the summer comes, plants must have time to adapt.
Transplantation of puffy is one of the simplest procedures in indoor floriculture. It is enough to just take out the plant along with the soil lump and carefully, manually remove the substrate from the roots. In a container completely filled with earth mixtures, make a small depression sufficient for the root system of your plant. Gingerbread is carefully placed in the recess, the substrate is leveled and must be watered with distilled water.
Immediately after transplantation, it is necessary to put a little fat girl in a brightly lit place and maximize the humidity (you can put a predator under the hood).
Diseases and Pests
One of the undoubted advantages of a fat woman is its absolute invulnerability to indoor pests and diseases. Any insect that encroaches on the territory of the girder will become a victim of this insidious, albeit very pretty plant. So you can forget about prevention and control.
Despite the status of a predator, a fatty woman is quite easy to propagate - by division, leafy cuttings, seeds.
The seeds of the plant are sown in a substrate typical of the papaver, maintaining only light soil moisture, but with very high air humidity.Germination usually takes several weeks, after which miniature plants must be immediately transferred to separate pots.
You can get new plants from wintering buds or leaves. In preparation for the winter, the papaver forms a new outlet, which can be divided into several parts and planted as independent plants. But this must be done before the spring activation of growth begins. Leafy cuttings from winter leaves are also rooted at very high humidity in pure peat or a mixture of peat and sand.